Microscopic strain in synthetic pyrope-grossular solid solutions determined by synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction at 5 K: The relationship to enthalpy of mixing behavior

Dapiaggi, M., Geiger, C. A. and Artioli, G. (2005) Microscopic strain in synthetic pyrope-grossular solid solutions determined by synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction at 5 K: The relationship to enthalpy of mixing behavior American Mineralogist, 90 (2-3). pp. 506-509. DOI 10.2138/am.2005.1716.

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Abstract

A series of synthetic pyrope-grossular garnets (Mg3Al2,Si3O12-Ca3Al2Si3O12) were investigated by powder X-ray synchrotron radiation at 5 K to determine their microscopic structural strain, which may be responsible for the observed excess enthalpy of mixing for this binary. This substitutional solid solution provides an excellent system for investigating microscopic-macroscopic relationships and the physical nature behind non-ideal thermodynamic mixing behavior in silicates, because of the measurable nonidealities shown by its enthalpy and volume of mixing. An analysis of the X-ray refection profiles, based on theoretical considerations of X-ray line broadening, permits for the first time a direct experimental determination of crystallite size and the root-mean-square structural strain for a mineral solid solution. The measured microscopic strain shows positive and asymmetric deviations from linearity across the join with the largest excess in pyrope-rich compositions. There is a good correlation between the structural strain and the macroscopic enthalpy of mixing behavior for pyrope-grossular garnets as measured by calorimetry.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: crystallite-size garnets
Research affiliation: Kiel University
Refereed: No
DOI etc.: 10.2138/am.2005.1716
ISSN: 0003-004X
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2012 05:45
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2012 10:26
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/16044

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