Thermal dehydration reactions characterised by combined measurements of electrical conductivity and elastic wave velocities

Popp, T. and Kern, H. (1993) Thermal dehydration reactions characterised by combined measurements of electrical conductivity and elastic wave velocities Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 120 (1-2). pp. 43-57. DOI 10.1016/0012-821x(93)90022-2.

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Abstract

Combined laboratory measurements of seismic velocities and electrical conductivity as a function ofPT and drainage conditions have been performed on various rocks containing hydrous minerals. This paper presents experimental results for evaporite rocks containing gypsum (CaSO4 · 2H2O) and carnallite (KMgCl3 · 6H2O) and for serpentinite. The experiments on the evaporite rocks were carried out in a triaxial cell in the range 20-130°C and 5.0-24.0 MPa confining pressure. The measurements on serpentinite covered the range 20-750°C at pressures of up to 200 MPa and were performed in a cubic pressure apparatus. The thermally induced onset of dehydration was indicated by the pronounced discontinuous behaviour of conductivity, corresponding to a marked drop in the elastic wave velocities. The respective Poisson ratios were inversely correlated with permeability and seem to be a sensitive parameter to describe the reaction-related variations of pore space. The seismic properties can be satisfactory modelled by using the self-consistent approximation of O'Connell and Budiansky [1], illustrating the effects of variations in pore space and saturation. The dehydration behaviour of the various hydrous rock types was found to be different because the changes in the rock physical properties are closely linked to the internally created pore fluid, to the changes in the porosity and pore geometry, and to the resulting pore pressure. Progressive thermal dehydration reactions induce an opening of pore space accompanied by lowered saturation conditions whereby the rate of fluid release depends mainly on temperature and also on the drainage conditions of the system. Our findings, as reflected by the variations in the geophysical parameters, may be of importance for the interpretation of natural dehydration processes in the crust caused by prograde metamorphism.

Document Type: Article
Research affiliation: Kiel University
Refereed: No
DOI etc.: 10.1016/0012-821x(93)90022-2
ISSN: 0012-821X
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2012 09:26
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2012 07:33
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/15541

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