Influence of the ocean surface temperature and sea ice concentration on regional climate changes in Eurasia in recent decades

Semenov, Vladimir A., Mokhov, I. I. and Latif, Mojib (2012) Influence of the ocean surface temperature and sea ice concentration on regional climate changes in Eurasia in recent decades Izvestiya Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics, 48 (4). pp. 355-372. DOI 10.1134/S0001433812040135.

[img] Text
Influence.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (1297Kb) | Contact

Supplementary data:

Abstract

Numerical experiments with the ECHAM5 atmospheric general circulation model have been performed in order to simulate the influence of changes in the ocean surface temperature (OST) and sea ice concentration (SIC) on climate characteristics in regions of Eurasia. The sensitivity of winter and summer climates to OST and SIC variations in 1998-2006 has been investigated and compared to those in 1968-1976. These two intervals correspond to the maximum and minimum of the Atlantic Long-Period Oscillation (ALO) index. Apart from the experiments on changes in the OST and SIC global fields, the experiments on OST anomalies only in the North Atlantic and SIC anomalies in the Arctic for the specified periods have been analyzed. It is established that temperature variations in Western Europe are explained by OST and SIC variations fairly well, whereas the warmings in Eastern Europe and Western Siberia, according to model experiments, are substantially (by a factor of 2-3) smaller than according to observational data. Winter changes in the temperature regime in continental regions are controlled mainly by atmospheric circulation anomalies. The model, on the whole, reproduces the empirical structure of changes in the winter field of surface pressure, in particular, the pressure decrease in the Caspian region; however, it substantially (approximately by three times) underestimates the range of changes. Summer temperature variations in the model are characterized by a higher statistical significance than winter ones. The analysis of the sensitivity of the climate in Western Europe to SIC variations alone in the Arctic is an important result of the experiments performed. It is established that the SIC decrease and a strong warming over the Barents Sea in the winter period leads to a cooling over vast regions of the northern part of Eurasia and increases the probability of anomalously cold January months by two times and more (for regions in Western Siberia). This effect is caused by the formation of the increased-pressure region with a center over the southern boundary of the Barents Sea during the SIC decrease and an anomalous advection of cold air masses from the northeast. This result indicates that, to estimate the ALO actions (as well as other long-scale climatic variability modes) on the climate of Eurasia, it is basically important to take into account (or correctly reproduce) Arctic sea ice changes in experiments with climatic models.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: climate changes; climatic models; climate of Eurasia; Atlantic Oscillation; Arctic ice; ATLANTIC THERMOHALINE CIRCULATION; NORTH-ATLANTIC; MULTIDECADAL VARIABILITY; GENERAL-CIRCULATION; WINTER CIRCULATION; CO2 CONCENTRATION; AIR-TEMPERATURE; PART II; HEMISPHERE; ANOMALIES
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-ME Maritime Meteorology
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1134/S0001433812040135
ISSN: 0001-4338
Projects: THOR
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2012 11:03
Last Modified: 31 May 2017 11:01
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/15302

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...