Submarine weathering and subduction dewatering across the Central Chilean forearc (~36°S)

Scholz, Florian (2012) Submarine weathering and subduction dewatering across the Central Chilean forearc (~36°S) [Talk] In: The Lübeck Retreat, Collaborative Research SFB 574 Volatiles and Fluids in Subduction Zones: Climate Feedback and Trigger Mechanisms for Natural Disasters, 23.-25.05.2012, Lübeck.

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Abstract

The accretionary convergent margin off central Chile is an active tectonic setting, yet little is known
about its hydrogeology and the distribution of deep-seated diagenetic processes. To overcome this
gap, we present here a joint evaluation of data from ODP Legs 141 and 202 as well as new pore
water and solid phase data from a gravity core transect at ~36°S.
Sediments in the accretionary prism accommodate two different types of submarine weathering
processes: (i) Dissolution of reactive silicate minerals with concomitant transformation of CO2 from
methanogenesis into bicarbonate and (ii) alteration of silicate minerals and volcanic ash to smectite,
which is accompanied by consumption of water thus leading to elevated pore water salinities.
Pore waters on the upper slope are characterized by negative chloride anomalies, which likely results
from upward transport of clay dehydration fluids along splay faults. Thermal constraints from heat flow
modeling suggest that these fluids originate in the overriding plate whereas dehydration of underthrust
sediments seems to take place further seaward below the accretionary prism.

Document Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Talk)
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
OceanRep > SFB 574
OceanRep > SFB 574 > B5
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2012 10:48
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2012 10:48
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/15285

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