Post-glacial time series of explosive eruptions and associated changes in the magma plumbing system of Lonquimay Volcano, South Central Chile

Gilbert, David, Freundt, Armin and Burkert, Cosima (2012) Post-glacial time series of explosive eruptions and associated changes in the magma plumbing system of Lonquimay Volcano, South Central Chile [Talk] In: The Lübeck Retreat, Collaborative Research Centre SFB 574 Volatiles and Fluids in Subduction Zones: Climate Feedback and Trigger Mechanisms for Natural Disasters, 23.05.-25.05.2012, Lübeck.

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Abstract

The Lonquimay Volcanic Complex (LVC) in the high Southern Andes comprises a stratocone and NEtrending flank-cone alignments. Numerous effusive and explosive volcanic eruptions characterize its post-glacial magmatic activity. Our tephrostratigraphic record, pre-dating the four historically documented eruptions, comprises 22 dated pyroclastic deposits that are used to constrain repose time distribution and eruption probability of the LVC magmatic system. Statistical examination of the stratigraphy-based eruption time series yields probabilities of 20-50% for at least one explosive (VEI"3) eruption within the next 100 years as of 2011. The tephra deposits are subdivided into three petrographic groups: a felsic group (Lonquimay Colored Pumice Tephra, LCPT), an intermediate population (Lonquimay Grey Pumice Tephra, LGPT) and a mafic member (Lonquimay Dark Scoria Tephra, LDST). The distribution of these petrographic groups
through the LVC tephrostratigraphy is linked to the observed changes in repose times. LDST deposits as well as deposits compositionally zoned from LCPT to LGPT dominate the lower part of the stratigraphy for which recurrence times are short (RTmean=417±169a). Deposits younger than 6000 b2k (years before 2000 AD) have dominantly LCPT and minor LDST compositions, no longer contain LGPT, and repose times are significantly longer (RTmean=1350±310a). We interpret the change in eruption regime to result from a rearrangement in the magma storage and plumbing system. Thermobarometric calculations based on cpx liquid equilibria and amphibole compositions reveal three distinct magma storage levels: the mafic LDST derive from mid crustal storage (Pmean= 476±95 MPa, Tmean=1073±24°C), felsic LCPT mainly erupted from upper-crustal level (Pmean= 86±49 MPa ,
Tmean=936±24°C), whereas LGPT samples yield intermediate storage depths (Pmean= 239±100 MPa,
Tmean=1013±17°C). Magma contributions from this intermediate reservoir are restricted to >6000 b2k when the Lonquimay plumbing system was in a regime of short repose times; disappearance of the intermediate reservoir coincides with the change to longer repose times between eruptions.

Document Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Talk)
Research affiliation: OceanRep > SFB 574 > C4
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB4 Dynamics of the Ocean Floor > FB4-MUHS Magmatic and Hydrothermal Systems
OceanRep > SFB 574
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Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2012 09:24
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2012 12:19
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/15089

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