Holocene cooling culminates in sea ice oscillations in Fram Strait

Müller, Juliane, Werner, Kirstin, Stein, Ruediger, Fahl, Kirsten, Moros, Matthias and Jansen, Eystein (2012) Holocene cooling culminates in sea ice oscillations in Fram Strait Quaternary Science Reviews, 47 . pp. 1-14. DOI 10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.04.024.

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Abstract

A reconstruction of Holocene sea ice conditions in the Fram Strait provides insight into the palaeoenvironmental and palaeoceanographic development of this climate sensitive area during the past 8500 years BP. Organic geochemical analyses of sediment cores from eastern and western Fram Strait enable the identification of variations in the ice coverage that can be linked to changes in the oceanic (and atmospheric) circulation system. By means of the sea ice proxy IP25, phytoplankton-derived biomarkers and ice rafted detritus (IRD) increasing sea ice occurrences are traced along the western continental margin of Spitsbergen throughout the Holocene, which supports previous palaeoenvironmental reconstructions that document a general cooling. A further significant ice advance during the Neoglacial is accompanied by distinct sea ice fluctuations, which point to short-term perturbations in either the Atlantic Water advection or Arctic Water outflow at this site. At the continental shelf of East Greenland, the general Holocene cooling, however, seems to be less pronounced and sea ice conditions remained rather stable. Here, a major Neoglacial increase in sea ice coverage did not occur before 1000 years BP. Phytoplankton-IP25 indices (“PIP25-Index”) are used for more explicit sea ice estimates and display a Mid Holocene shift from a minor sea ice coverage to stable ice margin conditions in eastern Fram Strait, while the inner East Greenland shelf experienced less severe to marginal sea ice occurrences throughout the entire Holocene.

Highlights
► Biomarker and IRD data give insight into Holocene sea ice conditions in Fram Strait.
► We find increasing sea ice coverage off West Spitsbergen throughout the Holocene.
► Oceanic/atmospheric variability caused Neoglacial sea ice fluctuations.
► Ice conditions along East Greenland shelf remain rather stable until 1000 years BP.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Fram Strait; Sea ice; IP25; Holocene; Paleoceanography; Palaeoceanography; Polar research
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.04.024
ISSN: 0277-3791
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2012 13:10
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2016 08:08
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/14786

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