Strontium isotope fractionation of planktic foraminifera and inorganic calcite

Böhm, Florian, Eisenhauer, Anton, Tang, Jianwu, Dietzel, Martin, Krabbenhöft, André, Kisakurek, Basak and Horn, Christian (2012) Strontium isotope fractionation of planktic foraminifera and inorganic calcite Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 93 . pp. 300-314. DOI 10.1016/j.gca.2012.04.038.

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We have investigated the strontium isotope fractionation (Δ88/86Srcarb–aq) between inorganic calcite and aqueous Sr2+ ions by precipitation experiments at a constant temperature of 25 °C and precipitation rates (R) ranging from 102.3 to 104.2 μmol/m2/h. Strontium isotope ratios were measured using the 87Sr–84Sr double spike technique. It was found that strontium isotope fractionation in these calcites is strongly dependent on the precipitation rate:
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The measured δ88/86Sr values are significantly correlated with previously measured δ44/40Ca and Sr/Ca values of the same calcite samples:
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The slope of 88Sr/86Sr versus 44Ca/40Ca fractionation is 0.18 ± 0.04 and compatible with a kinetic fractionation during dehydration of the strontium and calcium ions, but not with isotope fractionation in a diffusive boundary layer. Using published equilibrium Δ44/40Cacarb–aq and View the MathML source values we estimate the equilibrium isotope fractionation of strontium to be very close to zero (Δ88/86Sreq(carb–aq) = −0.01 ± 0.06‰). This estimate is confirmed by strontium isotope values of natural inorganic calcites that precipitated very slowly in basalts of the ocean crust.

The results from the inorganic calcites are used to explain strontium isotope fractionation of planktic foraminifera. Specimens of two warm water species (Globigerinoides ruber and Globigerinoides sacculifer) were picked from the Holocene section of a Caribbean sediment core. We found no significant difference in δ88/86Sr between the two species. In addition, G. ruber specimens from Marine Isotope Stage 2 in the same core show δ88/86Sr values identical to the Holocene specimens.

The strontium isotopes of both foraminifera species are strongly fractionated (Δ88/86Srcarb–aq = −0.248 ± 0.005‰) when compared to published data of other major marine calcifiers. Applying the results from the inorganic precipitation experiments we find that the strong foraminiferal strontium isotope fractionation can be explained by calcification in a largely open system at high precipitation rates, comparable in magnitude to rates known from scleractinian reef corals. This interpretation is in good agreement with the kinetic calcification model for planktic foraminifera by Kisakürek et al. (2011), which was based on calcium isotopes and elemental Sr/Ca ratios.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: WOS:000308426800017
Keywords: Geochemistry; Inorganic calcite, planktic foraminifera, stable strontium isotopes, calcium isotopes, precipitation rate, diffusive boundary layer, isotope fractionation; TRACE-ELEMENT; CA-44/CA-40 FRACTIONATION; RECRYSTALLIZATION RATES; CARBONATE SEDIMENT; ORBULINA-UNIVERSA; CA ISOTOPES; PORE FLUID; DIFFUSION; MODEL; WATER
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
Kiel University
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.gca.2012.04.038
ISSN: 0016-7037
Related URLs:
Date Deposited: 14 Jun 2012 08:28
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2017 07:23

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