Influences on the fractionation of calcium isotopes in planktonic foraminifera

Griffith, E. M., Paytan, A., Kozdon, R., Eisenhauer, Anton and Ravelo, A. C. (2008) Influences on the fractionation of calcium isotopes in planktonic foraminifera Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 268 . pp. 124-136. DOI 10.1016/j.epsl.2008.01.006.

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For paleoceanographic studies, it is important to understand the processes that influence the calcium (Ca) isotopic composition of foraminiferal calcite tests preserved in the sediment record. Seven species of planktonic foraminifera from coretop sediments collectively exhibited a Ca temperature dependent fractionation of 0.013‰ per °C. This is in agreement with previously published estimates for most species of planktonic foraminifera as well as biogenic and inorganic calcite and aragonite. Four species of planktonic foraminifera collected from a sediment trap showed a considerable amount of scatter and no consistent temperature dependent fractionation. Analyzed size fractions of coretop samples show no significant relationship with δ44/40Ca. However, preliminary results suggest that the symbiotic and spinose foraminifera Globigerinoides sacculifer might exhibit a relationship between test size and δ44/40Ca. A one-box model in which Ca isotopes are allowed to fractionate by Rayleigh distillation from a biomineralization reservoir (internal pool) was used to constrain the isotopic composition of the original biomineralization Ca reservoir, assuming around 85% of the Ca reservoir is precipitated and the fractionation factor during precipitation is 0.9985 + 0.00002(T °C). To explain the foraminiferal Ca isotope data, this model indicates that the Ca isotopic composition of the biomineralization reservoir is offset from seawater (approximately − 0.8‰).

Document Type: Article
Keywords: calcium isotopes; planktonic foraminifera; paleotemperature; biomineralization; isotopic fractionation
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.epsl.2008.01.006
ISSN: 0012-821X
Projects: Future Ocean, CASIOPEIA
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2008 16:52
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2017 08:13

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