Rhodovulum marinum sp. nov., a novel phototrophic purple non-sulfur alphaproteobacterium from marine tides of Visakhapatnam, India

Srinivas, T.N.R., Anil Kumar, P., Sasikala, Ch., Ramana, Ch.V., Süling, Jörg and Imhoff, Johannes F. (2006) Rhodovulum marinum sp. nov., a novel phototrophic purple non-sulfur alphaproteobacterium from marine tides of Visakhapatnam, India International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 56 . pp. 1651-1656. DOI 10.1099/ijs.0.64005-0.

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Abstract

A yellowish-brown bacterium was isolated from enrichment cultures inoculated with seawater samples from the eastern coast of India (Visakhapatnam) under photoheterotrophic conditions. Enrichment and isolation in a medium containing 2 % NaCl (w/v) yielded strain JA128T, which has ovoid to rod-shaped cells, also forms chains and is non-motile. Phylogenetic analysis on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain JA128T clusters with the Alphaproteobacteria and the sequence similarity with its closest relatives, Rhodovulum iodosum and Rhodovulum sulfidophilum, was 95 %. Strain JA128T contained vesicular intracytoplasmic membranes, bacteriochlorophyll a and carotenoids of the spheroidene series. Strain JA128T was mesophilic, slightly acidophilic, slightly halophilic and grew photoheterotrophically with a number of organic compounds as carbon source and electron donor. It was unable to grow photoautotrophically, chemoautotrophically or by fermentative modes. It did not utilize sulfide, thiosulfate or hydrogen as electron donors. Thiamine was required as a growth factor. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, morphological and physiological characteristics, strain JA128T was significantly different from other species of the genus Rhodovulum and was recognized as a novel species for which the name Rhodovulum marinum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JA128T (=ATCC BAA 1215T=CCUG 52183T=JCM 13300T).

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: The GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain JA128T is AJ891122.
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-MI Marine Microbiology
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1099/ijs.0.64005-0
ISSN: 1466-5026
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2008 16:52
Last Modified: 29 May 2018 07:48
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/1437

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