Mechanisms of subantarctic mode water upwelling in a hybrid-coordinate global GCM

Zuo, Hao, Naveira Garabato, Alberto C., New, Adrian L. and Oschlies, Andreas (2012) Mechanisms of subantarctic mode water upwelling in a hybrid-coordinate global GCM Ocean Modelling, 45-46 . pp. 59-80. DOI 10.1016/j.ocemod.2011.12.006.

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Abstract

This article presents an investigation of the global circulation and upwelling of subantarcticmodewater (SAMW), which is thought to be key in the supply of nutrients to support biological production over much of the world ocean excluding the North Pacific. The HYbrid isopycnic-cartesian Coordinate Ocean general circulation Model (HYCOM) is configured to simulate the global ocean circulation for time scales of up to centuries and a SAMW-tracking online tracer experiment is conducted. The tracer re-emergence fluxes across the mixed layer base effected by a range of physical mechanisms and by numerical mixing terms in HYCOM are diagnosed and discussed. For the global ocean north of 30°S, entrainment due to surface buoyancy loss and/or wind-induced mechanical stirring accounts for almost one third of the total tracer re-emergence. Ekman upwelling and shear-induced mixing are especially significant in the tropical oceans, and account for 19% and 18% of the total tracer re-emergence, respectively. There is substantial regional variation in the relative importance of the various upwellingmechanisms. Special attention is devoted to understanding the contrasting circulations of SAMW in the North Pacific and North Atlantic oceans. The modest penetration of SAMW into the North Pacific is found to arise from the comparatively light density level that the SAMW core resides at in the South Pacific Ocean, which results in its being captured by the Equatorial Undercurrent and prevents it from entering the western boundary current of the North Pacific. In the North Atlantic, a new conceptual model of SAMW circulation and re-emergence is proposed with application to nutrient supply to the regional upper ocean. The model formulates SAMW re-emergence as a sequence of distinct processes following the seasonal cycle of the thermocline as awater column circulates around the subtropical and subpolar gyres of the North Atlantic.
► Examine the SAMW circulation in global scale with online tracer experiment. ► Diagnose the SAMW upwelling fluxes across the mixed layer base. ► Examine the modest penetration of SAMW into the North Pacific. ► Propose a conceptual model with application to the North Atlantic nutrient supply.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Biogeochemistry; SAMW; HYCOM; Tracer upwelling; Numerical mixing; Nutrient circulation; Induction
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BM Biogeochemical Modeling
Kiel University
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.ocemod.2011.12.006
ISSN: 1463-5003
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 21 May 2012 13:12
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2017 12:40
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/14318

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