Thiohalocapsa marina sp. nov., from an Indian marine aquaculture pond

Anil Kumar, P., Srinivas, T. N. R., Thiel, Vera, Tank, Marcus, Sasikala, Ch., Ramana, Ch. V. and Imhoff, Johannes F. (2009) Thiohalocapsa marina sp. nov., from an Indian marine aquaculture pond International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 59 (9). pp. 2333-2338. DOI 10.1099/ijs.0.003053-0.

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Supplementary data:

Abstract

A spherical-shaped, phototrophic, purple sulfur bacterium was isolated in pure culture from anoxic sediment in a marine aquaculture pond near Bheemli (India). Strain JA142T is Gram-negative and non-motile. It has a requirement for NaCl (optimum of 2 % and maximum of 6 % w/v NaCl). Intracellular photosynthetic membranes are of the vesicular type. In vivo absorption spectra indicate the presence of bacteriochlorophyll a and carotenoids of the okenone series as photosynthetic pigments. Phylogenetic analysis on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain JA142T is related to halophilic purple sulfur bacteria of the genera Thiohalocapsa and Halochromatium, with the highest sequence similarity to Thiohalocapsa halophila DSM 6210T (97.5 %). Morphological and physiological characteristics differentiate strain JA142T from other species of the genera Halochromatium and Thiohalocapsa. Strain JA142T is sufficiently different from Thiohalocapsa halophila based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and morphological and physiological characteristics to allow the proposal of a novel species, Thiohalocapsa marina sp. nov., with the type strain JA142T (=JCM 14780T =DSM 19078T).
The GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain JA142T is AM491592.
A phase-contrast micrograph of cells of strain JA142T, whole-cell and acetone absorption spectra and 16S rRNA gene sequence-based neighbour-joining, maximum-likelihood, minimum-evolution and maximum-parsimony trees are available as supplementary material with the online version of this paper.

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: The GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain JA142T is AM491592. A phase-contrast micrograph of cells of strain JA142T, whole-cell and acetone absorption spectra and 16S rRNA gene sequence-based neighbour-joining, maximum-likelihood, minimum-evolution and maximum-parsimony trees are available as supplementary material with the online version of this paper.
Keywords: Microbiology; Thiohalocapsa marina sp. nov.; Aquaculture
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-MI Marine Microbiology
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1099/ijs.0.003053-0
ISSN: 1466-5026
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2012 13:13
Last Modified: 30 May 2017 08:39
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/13599

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