Functional gene studies of pure cultures are the basis of systematic studies of environmental communities of phototrophic bacteria and their species specific analyses

Imhoff, Johannes F. (2011) Functional gene studies of pure cultures are the basis of systematic studies of environmental communities of phototrophic bacteria and their species specific analyses BISMiS Bulletin, 2 . pp. 107-115.

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Abstract

From the establishment of proper cultivation conditions of phototrophic sulfur bacteria 50 years ago up to today significant improvements have been made to systematically treat the phototrophic green and purple sulfur bacteria and identify them in environmental communities. Important steps for these improvements were first of all the description of a large number of pure cultures representing a proper fraction of environmental diversity, their correct taxonomic treatment and the clear definition of the taxa. Further important steps were the establishment of a phylogenetics-based taxonomy supported by 16S rRNA gene sequences and the demonstration of congruence between phylogenies based on 16S rRNA genes and functional genes. The formation of a large database of fmoA genes of green sulfur bacteria and of pufLM genes of purple sulfur bacteria and their obvious phylogenetic congruence with the 16S rRNA gene enabled detailed studies of environmental communities of these bacteria and the recognition of species and genera in natural habitats. The comprehensive studies of selected habitats yielded promising results and demonstrated the potential of this approach for the systematic characterization of environmental communities.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Microbiology; phototrophic bacteria
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-MI Marine Microbiology
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 2159-287X
Projects: Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2012 12:54
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2016 11:57
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/13540

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