Marichromatium indicum sp. nov., a new purple sulfur Gammaproteobacterium from mangroves of Goa, India

Arunasri, K., Sasikala, C., Ramana, V.C., Süling, Jörg and Imhoff, Johannes F. (2005) Marichromatium indicum sp. nov., a new purple sulfur Gammaproteobacterium from mangroves of Goa, India International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 55 . pp. 673-679. DOI 10.1099/ijs.0.02892-0.

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A reddish-brown bacterium was isolated from photoheterotrophic enrichments of mangrove soil from the western coast of India, in a medium that contained 10 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain JA100T clusters with species of the genus Marichromatium of the class ‘Gammaproteobacteria’. Cells of strain JA100T are Gram-negative, motile rods with monopolar single flagella; they require NaCl, the optimum concentration being 1–4 %, and tolerate concentrations up to 13 %. The strain has vesicular internal membrane structures, bacteriochlorophyll a and, most probably, carotenoids of the spirilloxanthin series. No growth factors are required. A reduced sulfur source is required for growth, and, during growth on reduced sulfur sources as electron donors, sulfur is intermediately deposited as a single large granule within the cell. Strain JA100T could not grow at the expense of other tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediates, except malate. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and its morphological and physiological characteristics, strain JA100T is sufficiently different from other Marichromatium species to justify its designation as a novel species, for which the name Marichromatium indicum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is JA100T (=DSM 15907T=ATCC BAA-741T=JCM 12653T).

Document Type: Article
Additional Information: The GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain JA100T is AJ543328.
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-MI Marine Microbiology
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1099/ijs.0.02892-0
ISSN: 1466-5026
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2008 16:50
Last Modified: 24 May 2017 11:43

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