Sources of fluids and gases expelled at cold seeps offshore Georgia, eastern Black Sea

Reitz, Anja, Pape, Thomas, Haeckel, Matthias, Schmidt, Mark, Berner, Ulrich, Scholz, Florian, Liebetrau, Volker, Aloisi, Giovanni, Weise, Stephan M. and Wallmann, Klaus (2011) Sources of fluids and gases expelled at cold seeps offshore Georgia, eastern Black Sea Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75 (11). pp. 3250-3268. DOI 10.1016/j.gca.2011.03.018.

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Four seep sites located within an -20 km2 area offshore Georgia (Batumi seep area, Pechori Mound, Iberia Mound, and Colkheti Seep) show characteristic differences with respect to element concentrations, and oxygen, hydrogen, strontium, and chlorine isotope signatures in pore waters, as well as impregnation of sediments with petroleum and hydrocarbon potential. All seep sites have active gas seepage, near surface authigenic carbonates and gas hydrates. Cokheti Seep, Iberia Mound, and Pechori Mound are characterized by oil-stained sediments and gas seepage decoupled from deep fluid advection and bottom water intrusion induced by gas bubble release. Pechori Mound is further characterized by deep fluid advection of lower salinity pore fluids. The Pechori Mound pore fluids are altered by mineral/water reactions at elevated temperatures (between 60 and 110°C) indicated by heavier oxygen and lighter chlorine isotope values, distinct Li and B enrichment, and K depletion. Strontium isotope ratios indicate that fluids originate from late Oligocene strata. This finding is supported by the occurrence of hydrocarbon impregnations within the sediments. Furthermore, light hydrocarbons and high molecular weight impregnates indicate a predominant thermogenic origin for the gas and oil at Pechori Mound, Iberia Mound, and Colkheti Seep. C15+ hydrocarbons at the oil seeps are allochtonous, whereas those at the Batumi seep area are autochthonous. The presence of oleanane, an angiosperm biomarker, suggests that the hydrocarbon source rocks belong to the Maikopian Formation. In summary, all investigated seep sites show a high hydrocarbon potential and hydrocarbons of Iberia Mound, Colkheti Seep, and Pechori Mound are predominantly of thermogenic origin. However, only at the latter seep site advection of deep pore fluids is indicated.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Meereswissenschaften; Biogeochemistry; Cold seeps; Georgia; Black Sea (East)
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.gca.2011.03.018
ISSN: 0016-7037
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2011 11:27
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2017 08:35

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