Laser ablation ICP-MS screening of corals for diagenetically affected areas applied to Tahiti corals from the last deglaciation

Hathorne, Ed C., Felis, Thomas, James, Rachael H. and Thomas, Alex (2011) Laser ablation ICP-MS screening of corals for diagenetically affected areas applied to Tahiti corals from the last deglaciation Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75 (6). pp. 1490-1506. DOI 10.1016/j.gca.2010.12.011.

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Abstract

Fossil corals are unique archives of past seasonal climate variability, providing vital information about seasonal climate phenomena such as ENSO and monsoons. However, submarine diagenetic processes can potentially obscure the original climate signals and lead to false interpretations. Here we demonstrate the potential of laser ablation ICP-MS to rapidly detect secondary aragonite precipitates in fossil Porites colonies recovered by Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Expedition 310 from submerged deglacial reefs off Tahiti. High resolution (100 μm) measurements of coralline B/Ca, Mg/Ca, S/Ca, and U/Ca ratios are used to distinguish areas of pristine skeleton from those afflicted with secondary aragonite. Measurements of coralline Sr/Ca, U/Ca and oxygen isotope ratios, from areas identified as pristine, reveal that the seasonal range of sea surface temperature in the tropical south Pacific during the last deglaciation (14.7 and 11 ka) was similar to that of today.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Paleoceanography; Laser ablation
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.gca.2010.12.011
ISSN: 0016-7037
Projects: EUROCORES, IODP
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2011 13:45
Last Modified: 27 Sep 2017 09:06
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/12859

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