Depth attenuation of organic matter export associated with jelly falls

Lebrato, Mario, Pahlow, Markus, Oschlies, Andreas, Pitt, K. A., Jones, D. O. B., Molinero, Juan Carlos and Condon, R. H. (2011) Depth attenuation of organic matter export associated with jelly falls Limnology and Oceanography, 56 . pp. 1917-1928. DOI 10.4319/lo.2011.56.5.1917.

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Abstract

We explore the attenuation in the export ratio of jelly-POM (particulate organic matter) with depth as a function of the decay rate, temperature, and sedimentation rate. Using data from the Vertical Transport In the Global Ocean project, we compare ratios computed with the Martin-curve, with a particle-based parameterization, and with sediment-trap data. Owing to the temperature dependence of the decay rate (Q10 5 4.28), the jelly-POM export ratio below 500m is 2045% larger in subpolar and temperate areas than in the tropics. Vertical migration of gelatinous zooplankton leads to a variable starting depth of a jelly fall (death depth), which governs the start of remineralization, and the fate of the biomass. Owing to the absence of observations, we employ a sinking speed matrix ranging from 100 m d21 to 1500 m d21 to represent slow- and fast-sinking carcasses. The assumption of a constant decay rate k independent of temperature in other particle-based models may not be appropriate. These results provide information for including jelly-POM in global biogeochemical model formulations.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Food Webs; Biogeochemistry; limnology; oceanography
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB3 Marine Ecology > FB3-EOE-N Experimental Ecology - Food Webs
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-BM Biogeochemical Modeling
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.4319/lo.2011.56.5.1917
ISSN: 0024-3590
Projects: EPOCA, Future Ocean
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2011 14:49
Last Modified: 02 May 2017 13:19
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/12648

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