Geochemical proxies of ocean circulation and weathering inputs: Radiogenic isotopes of Nd, Pb, Sr, Hf, and Os

Frank, Martin (2011) Geochemical proxies of ocean circulation and weathering inputs: Radiogenic isotopes of Nd, Pb, Sr, Hf, and Os IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 14 . 012010. DOI 10.1088/1755-1315/14/1/012010.

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Abstract

Marine records of the radiogenic isotope composition of the elements neodymium (Nd), lead (Pb), hafnium (Hf), strontium (Sr), and osmium (Os) allow the reconstruction of past ontinental weathering inputs on different time scales as a function of their respective oceanic residence times. Sr and Os have oceanic residence times significantly longer than the global mixing time of the ocean and are efficiently mixed on a global scale. Their isotope composition changes on long time scales as a function of plate tectonics and major orogenies, which allows their use as precise stratigraphic tools for the entire Phanerozoic. In contrast, Hf, Pb, and in particular Nd, have residence times on the order of or shorter than the global mixing time of the ocean, which results in distinct isotopic signatures of water masses and allows the reconstruction of past water mass mixing and weathering inputs on both long and short time scales. Here applications of these isotopes systems with a focus on the shorter residence time tracers are reviewed (without claiming to be comprehensive) and problems and potential solutions are discussed. Keywords: Radiogenic isotopes, paleo-oceanography, ocean circulation, water mass mixing, continental weathering

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Marine chemistry; Paleoceanography; Radiogenic isotopes; paleo-oceanography; ocean circulation; water mass mixing; continental weathering
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: No
DOI etc.: 10.1088/1755-1315/14/1/012010
ISSN: 1755-1315
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2011 10:45
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2017 11:10
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/12558

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