Pliocene aridification of Australia caused by tectonically induced weakening of the Indonesian throughflow

Krebs-Kanzow, Uta, Park, Wonsun and Schneider, Birgit (2011) Pliocene aridification of Australia caused by tectonically induced weakening of the Indonesian throughflow Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 309 (1-2). pp. 111-117. DOI 10.1016/j.palaeo.2011.06.002.

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Abstract

Tectonic changes of the Early to Mid-Pliocene largely modified the Indonesian Passages by constricting and uplifting the passages between today's New Guinea and Sulawesi. The associated changes in strength and water mass properties of the Indonesian throughflow (ITF) might have influenced the amount of heat transported from the Pacific to the Indian Ocean and thus contributed to Pliocene climate change of the Indo-Pacific. We study the climate response to changes in the geometry of the Indonesian Passages in an atmosphere–ocean general circulation model (AOGCM). We compare climate simulations with present-day topography and with a topography resembling the Early Pliocene situation in the Indo-Pacific, i.e. passages East of Sulawesi deepened and widened to the South. We find that transport through the Indonesian Archipelago is weakened in the constricted passage by 1.7 Sv and in the unchanged Makassar Strait West of Sulawesi by 3.5 Sv, while transport weighted temperature of the outflow into the Indian Ocean increases by 1 °C. Consistent with recent proxy evidence the reduction in ITF transport causes a decrease in subsurface temperatures in the Indian Ocean while surface waters of the equatorial Pacific exhibit an increase by up to 0.9 °C centred in the warm pool. As a local response to the sea surface temperature anomalies, we observe an anomalous precipitation dipole across the Indonesian passages with increased rainfall over the Pacific warm pool and decreased precipitation in the eastern Indian Ocean. The Australian continent experiences a pronounced aridification with mean annual precipitation rates dropping by 30% over most parts of the continent. Using an uncoupled vegetation model, we demonstrate that the simulated climate change might partly explain the observed Late Pliocene desertification of Australia.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Meteorology; Coupled modelling; Indonesian throughflow; Pliocene; Neogene; Australian vegetation; Aridification; Tectonic; Gateway; Indian Ocean; Africa
Research affiliation: Kiel University
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence > FO-R09
Kiel University > Kiel Marine Science
OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-ME Maritime Meteorology
OceanRep > The Future Ocean - Cluster of Excellence
OceanRep > SFB 754
OceanRep > SFB 754 > A1
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2011.06.002
ISSN: 0031-0182
Projects: SFB754, Future Ocean
Expeditions/Models:
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2011 09:21
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2017 19:32
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/11973

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