Groundwater discharges in the Baltic Sea: survey and quantification using a schlieren technique application

Karpen, Volker, Thomsen, Laurenz and Suess, Erwin (2006) Groundwater discharges in the Baltic Sea: survey and quantification using a schlieren technique application Geofluids, 6 . pp. 241-250. DOI 10.1111/j.1468-8123.2006.00145.x. Date online first: 2006

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Abstract

Groundwater seeps are known to occur in Eckernförde Bay, Baltic Sea. Their discharge rate and dispersion were investigated with a new schlieren technique application, which is able to visualize heterogeneous water parcels with density anomalies down to Drt ¼ 0.049 on the scale of millimeters. With the use of an inverted funnel, discharged fluids can be captured and the outflow velocity can be determined. Overall, 46 stations could be categorized by three different cases: active vent sites, seep-influenced sites, and non-seep sites. New seep locations were discovered, even at shallow near-shore sites, lacking prominent sediment depression, which indicate submarine springs. The detection of numerous seeps was possible and the groundwater-influenced area was defined to be approximately 6.3 km2. Flow rates of between 0.05 and 0.71 l m)2 min)1 were measured. A single focused fluid plume, which was not disturbed by the funnel was recorded and revealed a flux of 59.6 ± 20 ml cm)2 min)1 and it was calculated that this single focused plume would be strong enough to produce a flow rate through the funnel of 1.32 ± 0.44 l m)2 min)1. The effect of different seep-meter funnel sizes is discussed.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Meeresgeologie; Schlieren, Baltic Sea, groundwater, quantification, seepage, submarine springs, visualization
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB2 Marine Biogeochemistry > FB2-MG Marine Geosystems
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1111/j.1468-8123.2006.00145.x
ISSN: 1468-8115
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2011 11:37
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2017 08:52
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/11547

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