Late Neogene benthic stable isotope record of ODP Site 999: Implications for Caribbean paleoceanography, organic burial and the Messinian Salinity Crisis

Bickert, T., Haug., G. and Tiedemann, Ralf (2004) Late Neogene benthic stable isotope record of ODP Site 999: Implications for Caribbean paleoceanography, organic burial and the Messinian Salinity Crisis Paleoceanography, 19 (1). PA1023. DOI 10.1029/2002PA000799.

[img]
Preview
Text
palo1003.pdf - Published Version

Download (673Kb) | Preview

Supplementary data:

Abstract

We report on epibenthic foraminiferal δ18O and δ13C and percentage coarse fraction records from Caribbean Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 999 (12°44′N, 78°44′W, water depth 2828 m) spanning the interval from 8.5 to 5.3 Ma. Low epibenthic δ13C values and low amounts of sand-sized particles (mostly foraminifer shells) indicate a poorly ventilated deep Caribbean throughout the late Miocene. At this time the deep Caribbean was dominated by a nutrient-rich and corrosive water mass. A generally constant δ13C gradient between the Caribbean and deep Atlantic records during the late Miocene suggests that the fluctuations in δ13C reflect global changes in δ13C of the dissolved inorganic carbon due to varying erosion of organic carbon from terrigenous soils and shelf sediments. The observed 100-kyr cyclicity of epibenthic δ13C is in good accordance with the variability of terrigenous input to the equatorial Atlantic as recorded by magnetic susceptibility records of the Ceara Rise. However, some short-term gradient changes between 7.0 and 4.5 Ma indicate a poorer ventilation of the deep Atlantic related to a reduced production of deep water in the Atlantic. The Messinian Salinity Crisis between 6.0 and 5.3 Ma did not affect the intermediate to deep water gradient between the Caribbean and the Atlantic. Comparison to the Bahama platform record of ODP Site 1006, however, indicates a poorer ventilation of the shallower northern Caribbean basins coincident with the isolation of the Mediterranean Sea.

Document Type: Article
Keywords: Neogene, Caribbean, paleoceanography, ODP Site 999
Research affiliation: OceanRep > GEOMAR > FB1 Ocean Circulation and Climate Dynamics > FB1-P-OZ Paleo-Oceanography
Refereed: Yes
DOI etc.: 10.1029/2002PA000799
ISSN: 0883-8305
Projects: ODP
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2008 17:25
Last Modified: 10 May 2017 09:42
URI: http://eprints.uni-kiel.de/id/eprint/1000

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...